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Enterprise Architecture Management APO003 (COBIT 2019)

Managed Enterprise Architecture

Establish a common architecture consisting of business process, information, data, application and technology architecture layers. Create key models and practices that describe the baseline and target architectures, in line with the enterprise and I&T strategy. Define requirements for taxonomy, standards, guidelines, procedures, templates and tools, and provide a linkage for these components. Improve alignment, increase agility, improve quality of information and generate potential cost savings through initiatives such as re-use of building block components.

Purpose:

Represent the different building blocks that make up the enterprise and its interrelationships as well as the principles guiding their design and evolution over time, to enable a standard, responsive and efficient delivery of operational and strategic objectives.

Management Practices

APO03.01 Develop the enterprise architecture vision.

The architecture vision provides a first-cut, high-level description of the baseline and target architectures, covering the business, information, data, application and technology domains. The architecture vision provides the sponsor with a key tool to sell the benefits of the proposed capabilities to stakeholders within the enterprise. The architecture vision describes how the new capabilities (in line with I&T strategy and objectives) will meet enterprise goals and strategic objectives and address stakeholder concerns when implemented.

APO03.02 Define reference architecture.

The reference architecture describes the current and target architectures for the business, information, data, application and technology domains

APO03.03 Select opportunities and solutions.

Rationalize the gaps between baseline and target architectures, accounting for both business and technical perspectives, and logically group them into project work packages. Integrate the project with any related I&T-enabled investment programs to ensure that the architectural initiatives are aligned with and enable these initiatives as part of overall enterprise change. Make this a collaborative effort with key enterprise stakeholders from business and IT to assess the enterprise’s transformation readiness, and identify opportunities, solutions and all implementation constraints.

APO03.04 Define architecture implementation.

Create a viable implementation and migration plan in alignment with the program and project portfolios. Ensure the plan is closely coordinated to deliver value and that the required resources are available to complete the necessary work.

APO03.05 Provide enterprise architecture services.

Provide enterprise architecture services within the enterprise that include guidance to and monitoring of implementation projects, formalizing ways of working through architecture contracts, and measuring and communicating architecture’s value and compliance monitoring.

Skills

Enterprise and business architecture STPL

The creation, iteration, and maintenance of structures such as enterprise and business architectures embodying the key principles, methods and models that describe the organisation’s future state, and that enable its evolution. This typically involves the interpretation of business goals and drivers; the translation of business strategy and objectives into an “operating model”; the strategic assessment of current capabilities; the identification of required changes in capabilities; and the description of inter-relationships between people, organisation, service, process, data, information, technology and the external environment. The architecture development process supports the formation of the constraints, standards and guiding principles necessary to define, assure and govern the required evolution; this facilitates change in the organisation’s structure, business processes, systems and infrastructure in order to achieve predictable transition to the intended state.

https://www.sfia-online.org/en/framework/sfia-7/skills/strategy-architecture/business-strategy-and-planning/enterprise-and-business-architecture-development

Training and certification

https://www.opengroup.org/certifications/togaf

Related framework

Scaled Agile Framework – SAFe

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